The full spectrum cannabis is the extract that holds a complete therapeutic and beneficial profile of the plant. It efficiently retains the essential components of the Cannabis such as phenols, flavonoids, terpenes, sterols, esters and most importantly CBD (Cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).
CBD is a psychoactive cannabinoid. It is widely used for the reduction of inflammation and pain. It may also help with symptoms like migraine, anxiety, nausea and seizures. CBD is also a part of several anti-epileptic medicines such as Epidiolex (FDA approved). CBD is non-euphoric and non-intoxicating.
This is the major psychoactive ingredient in cannabis. THC is responsible for the `High` associated with the use of this drug.
Full spectrum cannabis extracts consist of all the required and deprived of all the unwanted components. These extracts find implications in a vast field of experimentation and health. The expanding research has concluded numerous health benefits of the cannabis hence, it is globally being accepted as one of the most potent medicament. In a short term perspective, it can be used for relaxation, to increase appetite and focus and creativity whereas short time side effects include decreased blood pressure, increased heart rate, anxiety, nausea etc. Despite all the benefits, some long term side effects include:
Full spectrum cannabis extraction needs to ensure the retention of the wanted and exclusion of the unwanted constituents. The most promising procedures are listed below:
In this type of extraction the hydrocarbon gas is compressed and liquefied, then passed over the raw plant. The desirable constituents dissolve in the solvent in a controlled temperature and pressure environment. Any disturbance in the conditions might alter the composition of the extract.
This extraction method works on the principle of phase changes in carbon dioxide. Resultantly, it exhibits gas-like viscosity and a low surface tension, making it to penetrate the porous solids better than the liquids do. Hence, this separation method pulls out the components on the basis of their weights. This method is most efficient as it does not need post-extraction processing and produces pure extract, but it does require a complex machinery to function.
In the pressure extraction, the constituent such as a Rosin, is squeezed out of the dry plant flower in the very beginning. This process involves no solvent hence making it safer. At the same time, being the heat involving process, it might cause the vaporization of heat sensitive compounds, rendering its full spectrum character.
The most crucial stage of obtaining extract is the determination of a pure and wholesome product. This needs to be ensured by a series of lab tests conducted on the particular sample. Listed below are the compounds one needs to check for in the lab test:
Most commonly known as the `Terp sauce` consists of as much as 40% of the terpene content. It is a clear viscous preparation with a honey like consistency.
This extract has a high yield of cannabinoid with a crystalline structure like a diamond.
Live resins are obtained by fresh plant rather than the dried one. The process needs to have no heat involved to ensure maximum yield of the resins and a full spectrum profile.
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